Detail Hasil Pencarian

Judul :
Pengarang : Dalilan, Mulyono
Jurnal : Humanika 2004, XVII(3)
Tahun : 2004
Summary / Kata Kunci : ABSTRACT
This research aims at identifying and comparing the function and cha¬racteristic of relative pronouns in English and the ligature yang in Indone¬sian, and also identifies and compares the relative clause strategy of both languages by using contrastive analysis. The research findings are explained by using the method of comparative description. The research then leads to the finding that both English and Indonesian have differences and similari¬ties in terms of relative clause construction.
In English, the various relative pronouns fully have an argument status within relative clauses, meaning that these pronouns function as the substi¬tute of noun phrease (NP) elements which are in the position of object, direct object, and indirect object of a preposition within dependent clauses. Mean¬while, the ligature yang in Indonesian cannot have an argument status within relative clauses. This yang is more likely as a ligature; it ties an NP with its attributes that come after it. The ligature yang also functions as a noun phrease category marker. Besides functioning as substitute of an NP element, the relative pronouns in English also function as a connector or as such a kind of a conjunction that connects an independent clause and a dependent clause. This connection results in that the dependent clause changes into relative clause that attribute the head noun phrase embedded in the major sentence. Similarly, in Indonesian the word yang can function as a connector or such a kind of a conjunction, because it also can connect an independent clause and a dependent clause.
' As a connector or a conjunction the relative pronouns in English have priilege in terms of its existence within a relative clause, in other words it can be obligatory and optional. It is obligatory if the relative pronouns function as the substitute of an NP element which is in the position of subject within dependent clauses. However, it is optionalif these pronuns substitute NP elements which are in the position of direct object and indirect obyect. In contrast the word yang is obligatory as a ligature or as a noun phrease cat¬egory marker.
The existing of the relative pronouns in English and the ligature yang in Indonesian concerns with the relative clause strategy applied by both languages. In the relativization of an NP, English applies the word order strategy which tends to using active sentence pattern. In Indonesian, on the other hand, applies the verb marking strategy which tends to using passive sentence pattern marked by a prefix di-attached to the verb.

Key words: relative pronoun — ligature — noun phrase — relative clause strategy
File : 30.pdf
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