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Keragaman Rumah Tradisional Makassar Di Kabupaten Gowa Dan Kabupaten Takalar Sulawesi Selatan = The Diversity of Makassar Traditional Houses at Gowa and Takalar Regency - South Sulawesi
Pengarang : Abdul Mufti Radja, Nindyo Soewarno, Laretna T. Adhisakti
Jurnal : Media Teknik 2000, XXII(3)
Tahun : 2000
Summary / Kata Kunci : The Makassar people make up the second largest ethnic group in South Sulawesi. The society holds to the norms of a traditional lifestyle, as evidence by its cultural and social systems. However, one aspect of this society's physical culture (the traditional Makassar house concept) is disappearing. This is due to a lack of understanding about the concepts of these traditional houses.
This study examines: a) The diversity of the Makassar traditional houses, and b) The extent to which the sociocultural condition and environmental factors influence the form of these houses.
To address these issues, the research applied the rational-qualitative approach. A total of 55 cases in 3 locations were selected purposively for the study. The data gathered were processed inductively, and then discussed in terms of similarities and differences between the three locations.
The research findings indicate the diversity of Makassar traditional houses which can be divided into two categories: First, the similarities in the house concept, house form and the function of each room (paddaserang). Second, the differences in the function of top floor (pamnzakkang) and the space underneath (siring), the setting of the jambang and the house terrace (paladang/dego-dego), the direction of the ladder, the kind of timba sila, the house facade, house orientation and building material used of the houses.
Socio-cultural factors influence the concept of the house, the construction process, the house form, the similarity in the function of each room (paddaserang), the kind of timba sila, the direction of the ladder, the facade and house orientation. Natural environmental factors influence the roof form, the function of the space underneath (siring), the function of top floor (pammakkang), and the building material used.

Key words:
The diversity of houses; The traditional houses; The socio-cultural characteristics.
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Referensi    
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