Detail Hasil Pencarian
Peran Sklerotium Dan Bentuk Lain Patogen Rhizoctonia Solani Sebagai Sumber Inokulum Awal Penyakit Hawar Pelepah Padi = The role Of Sclerotia And Other Propagules Of Rhizoctonia Solani As The Primary Inoculum Of Rice ...
|Jurnal||:||Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia (Indonesian, Journal of Plant Protection) 1998, IV(2)|
|Summary / Kata Kunci||:||Experiments were conducted in Sukamandi Experimental Station of the Research Institute for Rice (RIR), to evaluate the importance of sclerotia and other propagules as the primary inoculum of rice sheath blight. The trials were conducted during the growing season of 1996/1997. Two elite varieties, namely 1R64 and Cisadane, were planted in plots of 2x2 m in size. Subplots were three different ways of crop establishment, i.e. transplanting with 20x20 cm distance, transplanting in-row with I0x40 cm, and direct seeding in row. Sub-sub plots were 6 different form of inoculum of R. solani, namely sclerotia, sclerotia+mycelium, fresh infected- rice straw, decomposed infected rice straw, fresh infected weeds, and decomposed infected weeds. Checks were plots with no additional inoculum of R. solani. Disease incidence of sheath blight was observed once a week started at 2 wk after planting. Data indicated that in both season, form of inoculum significantly affect the development of rice sheath blight. Highest disease incidence was observed in plots receiving fresh infected rice straw as the primary inoculum, indicating that this form of inoculum was the most efficient for rice sheath blight development. The other form appeared to be effective as primary source of inoculum, were decomposed infected rice straw and fresh infected weeds. In tropical rice ecosystem such in Indonesia, sclerotia appeared to be not as an important primary inoculum for rice sheath blight. Such information would be of important as the basic of sheath blight management in Indonesia, since incorporation of fresh rice straw into the paddy field prior to planting is a common practice in Indonesian rice ecosystem.
Key words : R. solani, sclerotia, primary inoculum, rice sheath blight.
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